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The Situation of Chemokine Ligands and Receptors Gene Expression, Following the Oral Administration of Drug Mannuronic Acid in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Mona Aslani, Arman Ahmadzadeh*, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Seyed S. Mortazavi-Jahromi, Anis Barati, Mostafa Hosseini and Abbas Mirshafiey*   Pages 69 - 77 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Regarding the leukocytes infiltration into the synovium of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients is mostly mediated by chemokine ligands and receptors, and following the efficient and motivating results of international Phase III clinical trial of β-D-Mannuronic acid (M2000) patented EP067919 (2017), as a novel anti-inflammatory drug, in patients with RA, the present research was designed.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the oral administration effects of this new drug on gene expression of some chemokine receptors and ligands, including CXCR4, CXCR3, CCR2, CCR5 and CCL2/MCP-1 in PBMCs of patients with active form of RA.

Methods: Twelve patients suffering from RA, with inadequate response to conventional drugs were selected (Clinical trial identifier IRCT2017100213739N10) and 1000mg/day of M2000 was orally administrated to them for 12 weeks. The mRNA expression of target molecules was then evaluated in PBMCs of the patients before and after treatment with M2000 using real-time PCR and was compared to healthy controls. Patents related to this study were also reviewed.

Results: The results showed that M2000 was able to significantly down-regulate the mRNA expression of CXCR4, CCR2 and CCL2/MCP-1 in the PBMCs of the RA patients. It should be noted that the gene expression situation of the target molecules was in coordinate with the clinical and paraclinical assessments in the patients.

Conclusion: Taken together, the results of this investigation revealed the part of molecular and immunological mechanisms of drug Mannuronic acid (M2000) in the treatment of RA, based on chemokine ligands and receptors mediated processes.

Keywords:

Chemokine, Clinical trial, DMARDs, Mannuronic acid, M2000, NSAIDs.

Affiliation:

Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Rheumatology, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran



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